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Curriculum Vitae

Integration Now, Integration Forever? The Fragmented Progress of Racial Integration since the Civil Rights Movement (2015)

Michael D. M. Bader Presented at the Celebration of College Research, College of Arts and Sciences, American University, Washington, D.C..


The Civil Rights Movement ushered in a new era of racial tolerance. One reflection of this tolerance is the diminishing occurrence of White flight: only one in one hundred neighborhoods is all-White. Although some have declared the "end of segregation" based on this news, I document how "integrated'' neighborhoods are actually fragmented into many different types of racial change. This means that some nominally integrated neighborhoods have less in common with one another than they do with adjacent segregated neighborhoods. Others, however, appear to maintain stable integration across many decades. I consider the historical, geographic, and demographic factors that can help explain how neighborhoods end up following different trajectories. I argue that this fragmented integration should cause us to think more deeply about what integration means and make policies that address the foundation of spatial inequality in the post-Civil Rights.